Sunday, March 4, 2007

Census record info by year

This is the info by column that you will find on the census records, some census pages the column info is legible and on others it is not or is only found on the first page of the county or area of the census. The 1850 census and later are the census with the names of each family member as well as where the parents of each were born. The census records prior to this only lists the name of the head of the household with the number of members by age.

1790 ~ Name of the head of family; profession or occupation; number of free white males of 16 years and up; number of free white males under 16; number of free white females; number of all other free persons; number of slaves.

1800 ~ Name of head of family; number of free white males under 10 years, 10 and under 16, 16 and under 26, 26 and under 45, 45 and up; same as above for free white females; all other free white persons except Indians not taxed; number of slaves.

1810 ~ Name of head of family; number of free white males under 10 years, 10 and under 16, 16 and under 26, 26 and under 45, 45 and up; same as above for free white females; all other free white persons except Indians not taxed; number of slaves.

1820 ~ Name of head of family; number of free white males under 10 years; 10 and under 16; free white males between 16 and 18 years (this sometimes resulted in a double-count);16 and under 26; 26 and under 45; 45 and up; same as above for free white females; all other free white persons except Indians not taxed; number of slaves.; number of foreigners not naturalized; number of persons engaged in Agriculture, Commerce, and Manufacturing; male and female slaves and free colored persons under 14 years, 14 and under 26, 26 and under 45, and 45 and up; all other free persons, except Indians not taxed.

1830 ~ Name of head of family; number of free white males in 5-year age groups to 20, 10-year age groups from 20 to 100, and 100 years old and over. Same as above for free white females. Number of slaves and free colored persons in six age groups (males and females, under 10, 10 and under 24, 24 and under 36, 36 and under 55, 55 and under 100, over 100); number of deaf and dumb (under 14, 14 to 24, 25 years and up); number of blind; number of foreigners not naturalized

1840 ~ Name of head of family; number of free white males in 5-year age groups to 20, 10-year age groups from 20 to 100, and 100 years old and over. Same as above for free white females. Number of slaves and free colored persons in six age groups (males and females, under 10, 10 and under 24, 24 and under 36, 36 and under 55, 55 and under 100, over 100); number of persons in each family employed in each of the following occupations: mining, agriculture, commerce, manufacturing and trades, navigation of the ocean, and navigation of canals, lakes and rivers; number of pensioners for Revolutionary or military service and their ages; number of white persons deaf and dumb (same groups as 1830), blind, the insane and idiots (at public charge and at private charge); number of colored persons deaf and dumb, blind, the insane and idiots (at public charge and at private charge); type of schools and number of scholars; number of white persons over 20 who could not read and write.

1850 ~ For each person; name, age, sex, color. For each male over 15; profession, occupation, or trade. For all free persons; value of real estate owned; place of birth of each person; whether married within the year; whether attended school within the year; whether unable to read and write for persons over 20; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane or idiotic, pauper or convict.
Supplemental schedules for slaves. For each owner: slave's age; sex; color (B, M); fugitive from the state; number manumitted; deaf, dumb or idiotic.

1860 ~ Name; age; sex; color. For each male over 15; profession, occupation, or trade; value of real estate; value of personal estate (personal property); place of birth; whether married within the year; whether attended school within the year; for persons 20 years old and over whether able to read and write; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane or idiotic, pauper, or convict.
Supplemental schedules for slaves. For each owner: slave's age; sex; color (B, M); fugitive from the state; number manumitted; deaf, dumb or idiotic; number of slave houses.

1870 ~ Name; age at last birthday; sex; color; occupation; value of real estate; value of personal estate; place of birth; whether father was foreign born; whether mother was foreign born; month of birth if born within the year; month of marriage if married within the year; whether attended school within the year; literacy; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane or idiotic; male citizens 21 and over; number of males over 21 with right to vote.

1880 ~ Address; name; color, sex, age prior to June 1st; month of birth if born in census year; relationship to head of family; marital status; whether married within the year; profession, occupation or trade; number of months unemployed; whether person is sick or temporarily disabled so as to be unable to attend to ordinary business or duties; if so, what is the sickness or disability; whether blind, deaf and dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, crippled or bedridden; whether attended school within the year; ability to read and write; place of birth of person, father, and mother.

Soundex indexing available for all states, but only for households with children 10 years old and under.

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